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Terms of Use

If you have any queries or wish to seek any clarification, please contact us.

Thank you for visiting this website. By entering and remaining on this site, you agree to be bound by these terms and conditions:

Use of Materials on this Website

The 23rd International Biology Olympiad 2012, Singapore Organising Committee maintains this website (hereinafter “IBO2012.ORG”) for information, education, and communication. You should assume that everything you see or read on the website (such as images, photographs, illustrations, texts and other materials) ("Content") is the property of IBO2012.ORG and its licensors and partners. Without IBO2012.ORG's prior written permission, you may not sell, reproduce, distribute, modify, display, publicly perform, prepare derivative works based on, repost or otherwise use any of our Content in any way for any purpose, including using our Content on any other website or in a networked computer environment. However, you may electronically copy or print pages from this website for personal, non-commercial use, provided that you include a copyright notice on each page.

Your Submissions

Any creative or original material or any other creative suggestions, text, software, music, sound, photographs, graphics, videos, messages, ideas, notes, drawings, concepts, marketing plans or other information that you submit to us by electronic mail or otherwise, will be treated in accordance with these Terms of Use and our Privacy Policy, which is incorporated herein by reference.  By submitting and/or posting Content to the website, you automatically grant to IBO2012.ORG a royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable, non-exclusive and fully sublicensable right and license to use, reproduce, modify, adapt, publish, edit, translate, distribute, perform, create derivative work of and display such Content alone, or as a part of other works in any form, media, or technology, whether now known or hereafter developed. Any Content you transmit or post may be used by IBO2012.ORG or licensed to others by IBO2012.ORG for any purpose, including but not limited to reproduction, disclosure, transmission, publication, broadcast and posting. As a user, you are responsible for your own Content and are responsible for the consequences of your posting such Content. You must not do the following things: post materials that are copyrighted, unless you are a copyright owner or have the permission of the copyright owner to post it; post material that violates any law or infringes on any other intellectual property rights of others or on the privacy or publicity rights of others; post material that is obscene, political, defamatory, threatening, harassing, abusive, hateful, or embarrassing to another user or any other person or entity; post a sexually-explicit image; post or transmit any advertisements, promotional materials, "junk mail," "spam," chain letters, pyramid schemes or any form of solicitation; impersonate another person or misrepresent your affiliation with any person or organization; access the website to obtain a list of users of the website; access or use any secure or non-public areas of the website without authorization; or frame or link to the website. IBO2012.ORG does not represent or guarantee the truthfulness, accuracy, or reliability of any Content posted by other users or endorse any opinions expressed by users. You acknowledge that any reliance on material posted by other users will be at your own risk.


IBO2012.ORG may solicit material from a wide range of contributors in addition to putting up material produced by our own content specialists. As such, it is impossible for us to verify that each and every item submitted adheres to international copyright laws. If you find that any copyrighted works are being used on IBO2012.ORG, or that another site has stolen our content, report it immediately to the IBO2012 Secretariat.

IBO2012.ORG does not screen communications in advance and is not responsible for screening or monitoring material posted by users. If IBO2012.ORG becomes aware of any communication that allegedly does not conform to these Terms of Use, IBO2012.ORG may investigate the communication and determine, in its sole and absolute discretion whether to remove or request the removal of the communication.

IBO2012.ORG has no liability or responsibility to you for performance or nonperformance of such activities. IBO2012.ORG further reserves the right to seek all other remedies available at law and in equity for violations of these Terms of Use. IBO2012.ORG reserves the right to remove Content, expel users and prevent their further access to the website for violating these Terms of Use or the law.


Your use of this website is at your risk. IBO2012.ORG does not warrant or represent that our Content is accurate, error-free, truthful or reliable or that your use of such material will not infringe rights of third parties. IBO2012.ORG does not warrant that the functional aspects of the website will be error free or that this website or the server that makes it available are free of viruses or other harmful components. IBO2012.ORG reserves the right to correct any errors on this website. If your use of this website or our Content results in the need for servicing or replacing property, material, equipment or data, IBO2012.ORG is not responsible for those or any other direct or indirect costs for any reason whatsoever. Without limiting the foregoing, everything on our website is provided to you "AS IS" AND "AS AVAILABLE" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OR MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, OR NON-INFRINGEMENT. IBO2012.ORG MAKES NO WARRANTIES ABOUT THE ACCURACY, RELIABILITY, COMPLETENESS, OR TIMELINESS OF THE MATERIAL CONTAINED ON THIS WEBSITE, OR ABOUT ITS SOFTWARE, TEXT, GRAPHICS, AND LINKS, OR RESULTS TO BE OBTAINED FROM USING THE WEBSITE. IBO2012.ORG does not make any representation about the quality of any product, services, information or other material purchased or obtained by you via use of this website.

Limitation of Liability


Changes to the Terms of Use

IBO2012.ORG reserves the right to revise these Terms of Use of Use at any time and users are deemed to be aware of and bound by any changes to these Terms of Use of Use upon publication on our Web Site.

Right of Access

IBO2012.ORG reserves all rights to deny or restrict access to this website to any particular person, or to block access from a particular Internet address to this website, at any time, without ascribing any reasons whatsoever.


You agree that IBO2012.ORG may terminate your use of this website if it believes that you have violated or acted inconsistently with the letter or spirit of these Terms of Use, violated the rights of IBO2012.ORG or any third party, or for any other reason with or without notice to you. You agree that IBO2012.ORG may modify or discontinue this website, with or without notice to you. You agree that IBO2012.ORG will not be liable to you or any third party as a result of such modification or discontinuation. The provisions entitled "Use of Materials on this Website", "Your Submissions", “Abuse”, "Disclaimer", "Limitation of Liability", "General Provisions", "Indemnity", "Trademarks", and "Copyright" will survive termination of this Agreement to use our website.

General Provisions

IBO2012.ORG controls and operates this website from its headquarters in Singapore and makes no representation that the material on the website is appropriate or available for use in other locations. If you use this website from other locations, you do so at your own risk and are responsible for compliance with applicable local laws, keeping in mind that access to our Content may not be legal by certain persons or in certain countries. If any portion of these Terms of Use is held to be unenforceable, the unenforceable portion shall be construed in accordance with applicable law to the greatest extent possible and the remainder of the provisions shall remain in full force and effect.


You agree to defend, indemnify, and hold completely harmless IBO2012.ORG, its officers, directors, employees and agents, from and against any losses, damages, claims, actions or demands, including without limitation reasonable legal and accounting fees on a full indemnity basis, arising from your use of this website or our Content or your breach of these Terms of Use. IBO2012.ORG shall provide notice to you promptly of any such claim, suit, or proceeding and shall assist you, at your expense, in defending any such claim, suit or proceeding.


The trademarks, logos, and service marks (collectively the "Trademarks") displayed on this website are registered and unregistered trademarks of IBO2012.ORG and others. Nothing contained on this website should be construed as granting, by implication, estoppel, or otherwise, any license or right to use any Trademark displayed on this website without the written permission of IBO2012.ORG or such third party that may own the Trademarks displayed on this website. Your misuse of the Trademarks displayed on this website, or any other Content on this website, except as provided herein, is strictly prohibited.


All Content included on this website, such as text, graphics, logos, button icons, images, audio clips and software, is the property of IBO2012.ORG or its Content suppliers and protected by Singapore and international copyright laws. The compilation (meaning the collection, arrangement and assembly) of all Content on this website is the exclusive property of IBO2012.ORG and protected by Singapore and international copyright laws. All software used on this website is the property of IBO2012.ORG or its software suppliers and protected by Singapore and international copyright laws. The reproduction, modification, distribution, transmission, republication, display or performance, of the Content on this website is strictly prohibited.


You may receive a password in connection with your use of this website. You will be responsible for maintaining the confidentiality of your password and account, and will be solely responsible for all activities that occur under your password and account.

Links from This Website to Other Websites

The IBO2012.ORG website may contain hyperlinks to websites which are not maintained by IBO2012.ORG. IBO2012.ORG has not reviewed all of the sites linked to this website and is not responsible for the availability, content or accuracy of any pages or other sites linked via this website. Use of the hyperlinks and access to such websites are entirely at your own risk. You agree that IBO2012.ORG will not be liable for any losses or damages whether direct, special, incidental, or indirect, you or any third party may suffer in connection with third party pages or sites.

Hyperlinks to other websites are provided as a convenience. The inclusion of any link to such sites does not imply endorsement by IBO2012.ORG of these sites. In no circumstances shall IBO2012.ORG be considered to be associated or affiliated with any trade or service marks, logos, insignia or other devices used or appearing on websites to which this website is linked.

Links to This Website from Other Websites

Except as set forth below, caching and links to, and the framing of this website or any of the contents are prohibited.

You must secure permission from IBO2012.ORG prior to hyperlinking to, or framing, this website or any of the contents, or engaging in similar activities. IBO2012.ORG reserves the right to impose conditions when permitting any hyperlinking to, or framing of this website or any of the contents.

Your linking to, or framing any part of this website or its contents constitute acceptance of these Terms of Use. This is deemed to be the case even after the posting of any changes or modifications to these Terms of Use. If you do not accept these Terms of Use, you must discontinue linking to, or framing of this website or any of the contents.

In no circumstances shall IBO2012.ORG be considered to be associated or affiliated in whatever manner with any trade or service marks, logos, insignia or other devices used or appearing on websites that link to this website or any of the contents.

IBO2012.ORG reserves all rights to disable any links to, or frames of any site containing inappropriate, profane, defamatory, infringing, obscene, indecent or unlawful topics, names, material or information, or material or information that violates any written law, any applicable intellectual property, proprietary, privacy or publicity rights.

IBO2012.ORG reserves the right to disable any unauthorised links or frames and disclaims any responsibility for the content available on any other site reached by links to or from this website or any of the contents.

Governing Law and Jurisdiction

These Terms of Use shall be governed and construed in accordance with laws of the Republic of Singapore without regard to its conflicts of law provisions.  Any legal action must be instituted in Singapore and you hereby agree to submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the Singapore Courts.

by Dr. Radut.